Logical form and language



Publisher: Clarendon Press, Publisher: Oxford University Press in Oxford, UK, New York, New York

Written in English
Cover of: Logical form and language |
Published: Pages: 512 Downloads: 455
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Subjects:

  • Language and logic,
  • Form (Logic)

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references and index.

Statementedited by Gerhard Preyer and Georg Peter.
ContributionsPreyer, Gerhard., Peter, Georg.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsP39 .L5965 2002
The Physical Object
Paginationx, 512 p. :
Number of Pages512
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3949207M
ISBN 10019924460X
LC Control Number2001039752

Davidson attempts to state the logical form of sentences in which actions are adverbially modified (e.g. ‘Jones buttered the toast slowly, with a knife, at midnight’); he wishes to regiment them into first‐order notation such that all valid inferences to sentences containing words of the original one are preserved. He claims that the only effective way of doing so is to transform the. Book is in Very Good Condition. Text will be unmarked. May show some signs of use or wear. Will include dust jacket if it originally came with one. Satisfaction is guaranteed with every order. LOGICAL FORM: ITS STRUCTURE AND DERIVATION (LINGUISTIC INQUIRY MONOGRAPHS) By Robert May *Excellent Condition*. Once you know how to translate logical statements into their logical form, translating arguments into their logical forms is a snap, since arguments are simply collections of statements, one of which is the conclusion and the rest of which are the premises! Thus, in order to translate an argument into its logical form, you only need to add one more step to the above steps and you are good to go! William G. Lycan, Logical Form in Natural Language (Cambridge: Bradford Books, The MIT Press, ), xii + pp., $ JAMES E. TOMBERLIN CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, NORTHRIDGE LOGICAL FORM IN NATURAL LANGUAGE (Lycan, ) is a welcome addi-tion to the rapidly growing literature in philosophy of language and mind.

  The very combination of spiritual and emotional subject matter, and intellectual and logical form, is the essence of the type of poetry that Donne all the Metaphysical poets, however, there is none, not even Donne, who adheres to the . logical form to derive the interpretation of the logical form, relative to that context. In many cases, e.g., words like “I”, “now”, “this”, and “she”, the context-invariant meaning of an element in the logical form does not exhaust its denotation, but rather serves as a guide for . Logical Form Language - Predicates. predicates constants or expressions that describe relations or properties: bites1, happy1. Each predicate has an associated number of arguments - bites1 is binary - it requires a biter argument and a victim argument. (Unary = 1 argument; ternary = 3 arguments; n-ary = n arguments). A predicate is the name of a relation, and rather like a functor in Prolog. A logical language with a more Esperanto-like grammar would have words designed for its grammar instead, but this wouldn't necessarily prevent it from being not-logical. Also note that one one constraint on Loban's design that caused a lot of complexity in its grammar is the following: the constraint that there always be only one parse, even in.

The Logical Syntax of Language book. Read 2 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Available for the first time in 20 years, here is the 4/5. Abstract. The term ‘logical form’ is rather a new item in the vocabulary of philosophy and theory of language, though the concept it refers to and the problem involving it seem to be as old as philosophy itself; the first significant contribution to the solution of this problem is due to Aristotle. The form of an argument is displayed by representing its sentences in the formal grammar and symbolism of a logical language to make its content usable in formal inference. Simply put, to formalize simply means to translate English sentences into the language of logic. This is called showing the logical form of the argument. It is necessary.

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Logical Form: Between Logic and Natural Language (Synthese Library Book ) - Kindle edition by Iacona, Andrea. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets.

Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Logical Form: Between Logic and Natural Language (Synthese Library Book ).Manufacturer: Springer.

But logical form understood in this way is not well-suited to serve in a compositional theory of meaning of a learnable language, for if logical form is not discernible from the sentence itself, prior to its assignment to a context, it cannot be the kind of input by reference to which competent speakers of the language grasp meanings.

In mathematics and philosophy, a logical form of a syntactic expression is a precisely-specified semantic version of that expression in a formal ally, the logical form attempts to formalize a possibly ambiguous statement into a statement with a precise, unambiguous logical interpretation with respect to a formal system.

In an ideal formal language, the meaning of a logical form. ISBN: X X OCLC Number: Description: x, pages: illustrations ; 24 cm: Contents: Abbreviation, scope, ontology / Stephen Neale --What is logical form?/ Ernie Lepore and Kirk Ludwig --Function and concatenation / Paul M.

Pietroski --Two sorts of claim about "logical form" / Jeffrey King --LF and natural logic / Peter Ludlow --Identity. One of the central issues of analytic philosophy and especially the theory of language is the concept of logical form.

As typically understood this concept covers investigations into universal. These previously unpublished essays share the central theme of logical form--a fundamental issue in analytic philosophy and linguistic theory.

Logical Form and Language brings together exciting new contributions from diverse points of view, which illuminate the lively current debate about this topic. Logical Form and Language 1st Edition by Gerhard Preyer (Author) ISBN ISBN X.

Why is ISBN important. ISBN. This bar-code number lets you verify Logical form and language book you're getting exactly the right version or edition of a book. The digit and digit formats both work.

Cited by: certain linguistic form makes it plausible to suppose that there might be such a thing as the logic of a given language—a logic whose generalizations refer to linguistic forms of that language. So, it might make sense to speak of the logic of ordinary language, or at least of a.

Language to Logical Form with Neural Attention Li Dong and Mirella Lapata Institute for Language, Cognition and Computation School of Informatics, University of Edinburgh 10 Crichton Street, Edinburgh EH8 9AB @, [email protected] Abstract Semantic parsing aims at mapping nat-ural language to machine interpretable meaning File Size: KB.

On this view, the logical form of a proposition is made manifest by the structure of a sentence in an ideal formal language—what Frege called a Begriffsschrift (concept-script); where the sentences of such a language exhibit function-argument structures that differ in kind from the grammatical structures exhibited by the sentences we use in.

Logical analysis, that is, the specification of logical forms for sentences of a language, presumes that some distinction is to be made between the grammatical form of sentences and their logical form.

In logic, of course, there is no such distinction to be drawn. Semantic parsing aims at mapping natural language to machine interpretable meaning representations. Traditional approaches rely on high-quality lexicons, manually-built templates, and linguistic features which are either domain- or representation-specific.

In this paper we present a general method based on an attention-enhanced encoder-decoder model. We encode input utterances into Cited by: Logical form has always been a prime concern for philosophers belonging to the analytic tradition.

For at least one century, the study of logical form has been widely adopted as a method of investigation, relying on its capacity to reveal the structure of thoughts or the constitution of facts.

Logical Form in Natural Language clearly explains and defends the truth-theoretic method in semantics first developed by Donald Davidson to analyze logical forms of sentences of natural language. Carnap maintained that the genuine task of philosophy was the logical analysis of the language of science.

In The Logical Syntax of Language (), he introduced basic distinctions, such as object-language and meta-language, formal mode and material mode of expression, that were to be widely accepted in philosophy.

This study focuses on the relation of syntactic and semantic structure. It investigates the notion that within generative grammar there is a level of linguistic representation Logical Form.

Its main assumption is that this is a level of phrase structure representation, derived by transformational operations from S-structure, and over which formal semantic interpretations are book.

For at least one century, the study of logical form has been widely adopted as a method of investigation, relying on its capacity to reveal the structure of thoughts or the constitution of facts. This book focuses on the very idea of logical form, which is directly relevant to any principled reflection on that : Springer International Publishing.

The major topic gone into through the book is logical form, validity and logical truth. As an outgrowth, Quine's operationalist view of language receives an extensive coverage and discussion.

The investigation into the notion of logical truth and validity leads to a critical assessment of the relevantist challenge to the. In this book, a well-known and highly respected philosopher details the complicated anatomy of linguistic meaning, showing how its elements fit together; he explores the interface between "languages" considered as formal systems and the linguistic activities of human beings in speech situations; and he defends the autonomy of linguistic semantics as a branch of scientific book's.

The logical form language so far presented is based on a Lisp-like notation (following that used in the book by James Allen).

To convert a Lisp list to a Prolog term: Example: (OWNS1 o1. This study focuses on the relation of syntactic and semantic structure. It investigates the notion that within generative grammar there is a level of linguistic representation Logical main assumption is that this is a level of phrase structure representation, derived by transformational operations from S-structure, and over which formal semantic interpretations a4/5.

Logical Syntax of Language The Logical Syntax of Language appeared in (the modified English translation in ).

It is Carnap’s best-known book, though its reception has been tortuous. The main features of the book itself and its reception history are discussed in the main entry (Section 5) on Carnap; the story of Carnap’s path from the Aufbau to the Syntax is described in section.

The logical study of language is becoming more interdisciplinary, playing a role in fields such as computer science, artificial intelligence, cognitive science and game theory. This new edition, written by the leading experts in the field, presents an overview of the latest developments at the interface of logic and linguistics as well as a.

In this book, a well-known and highly respected philosopher details the complicated anatomy of linguistic meaning, showing how its elements fit together; he explores the interface between "languages" considered as formal systems and the linguistic activities of human beings in speech situations; and he defends the autonomy of linguistic semantics as a branch of scientific psychology.

The book. Logical form definition: the syntactic structure that may be shared by different expressions as abstracted from | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples. Best Books for Logical Reasoning. Logical Reasoning and Data Interpretation are essential parts of any competitive exam.

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The only generalisation to make about language and science is to make no generalisation. Yuen Ren Chao. Die Sprache verkleidet den Gedanken. Und zwar so, daß man nach der äußeren Form des Kleides, nicht auf die Form des bekleideten Gedankens schließen kann; weil die äußere Form des Kleides nach ganz anderen Zwecken gebildet ist, als danach, die Form des Körpers erkennen zu : Robert Wardy.

Mastering a language does not necessarily mean you think in that language. Think in whatever language you are clear with. Lets say there is a Literature student learning a new language. he passes all the tests and has mastered the language through.

Wittgenstein here draws a sharp distinction between everyday language and a logical lan-guage. Everyday language contains ambiguities; logical language, to avoid the confusions this causes, will not (x).

This amounts to the suggestion that we avoid the funda-mental confusions of which philosophy is allegedly full (x) by constructing a new. The goal of this book is to improve your logical-reasoning skills. These skills are also called "critical thinking skills." They are a complex weave of abilities that help you get someone's point, generate reasons for your own point, evaluate the reasons given by others, decide what or what not to do, decide what information to accept or reject, explain a complicated idea, apply conscious /5(1).

Chapter 1 What is language? This book is an introduction to the study of human language across the planet. It is the logical operator if-then belongs to formal logic and computer programming. At the heart of our concern lies the spoken language.

All natural languages Form in spoken languages is a sequence of sounds, in written languages.Logical Form In the book, we have discussed syntax in great detail, without touching on semantics.

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